The Commission of integrity (COI) is an independent governmental body, responsible for fighting corruption, established in Iraq as Commission on Public Integrity (CPI), pursuant to statute promulgated by Iraq Governing Council and according to delegation of the dissolved Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) in order 55 of 2004.
In 2005, Iraqi permanent constitution considered the CPI an independent commission , subjected to the Parliament and changed its name to the Commission of Integrity (COI), according to article (102), which states “ High Commission for Human Rights, High Independent Electoral Commission and Commission of Integrity are, hereby considered an independent authority, subjected to the Iraqi Parliament and the law of Iraq “.
The COI is designed to prevent corruption, using legal means in implementing its functions that divided into:
1.Legal field: which has four form; first, Investigating corruption cases by investigator under a judge; second, Proposing legislations for the purpose of fighting corruption and fostering the culture of integrity, honesty, transparency, accountability and submission to questioning and fair dealing with government; third, to require Iraqi officials to disclose their financial statues; forth, to promulgate code of conduct for public sector employees.
2.Educational, informative and instructive through: developing curriculums to straighten ethical, in coordination with Ministry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education; preparing researches and studies; training; media campaign and mass communication activities; holding symposiums; educating public sector employees and ordinary people and supporting their demands, through transparency, accountability and investigation. Consider the law, as a high authority consistent with section (3) of the law annexed to order (55 of 2004), to work, as appropriate, for any investigation purposes.
The Commission consists of six directorates: investigations, Legal affairs, prevention, education and public relations, Non-governmental organizations, and administration.
The Commission is chaired by an employee holding minister position, appointed by the Prime Minister; the commissioner may not be removed, unless approved by the Parliament as to other ministers. The Commission has one deputy commissioner, holding deputy minister position. The COI is acting under article (6) and (36) of UN Convention Against Corruption that Iraq has verified, according to law (35) of 2007.